Protection of the institution of marriage as a union of a man and a woman has become one of the principles of the state cultural policy of Russia, follows from decree country's president Vladimir Putin.
“Creating conditions for the upbringing and development of children based on traditional Russian spiritual and moral values and protecting the interests of children, protecting traditional family values and the institution of marriage as a union of a man and a woman,” the new principles of cultural policy are called.
"Fundamentals of State Cultural Policy" were approved President in 2014. They define the main directions of the state cultural policy and are the basic document for the development and improvement of legislative and other regulatory legal acts that regulate the processes of cultural development in Russia. The document says that the state policy in the field of culture should ensure priority cultural and humanitarian development as the basis of economic prosperity, state sovereignty and civilizational identity of the country.
In November Putin signed Decree "On the Foundations of State Policy for the Preservation and Strengthening of Traditional Russian Spiritual and Moral Values". In the document, the goal of state policy is the protection of Russia from socio-cultural threats. It also explains that traditional values should be understood as “moral guidelines that are passed down from generation to generation and underlie the all-Russian civic identity.”
The traditional values in the decree include life, dignity, human rights and freedoms, patriotism, citizenship, service to the Fatherland and responsibility for its destiny, high moral ideals, a strong family, creative work; the priority of the spiritual over the material, humanism, mercy, justice, collectivism, mutual assistance and mutual respect, historical memory and continuity of generations, as well as the unity of the peoples of Russia.
The document says that the Russian National Security Strategy assesses the situation in Russia and in the world as "requiring urgent measures to protect traditional values." The document also describes threats to values: they include the activities of extremist and terrorist organizations, individual media, the actions of the United States and other unfriendly countries, a number of foreign NGOs and certain organizations and individuals in Russia.