In 2023, taking into account all available mechanisms for financing housing and communal services (including national projects and the infrastructure menu), the total volume of budget investments in the renewal of this area will increase sharply and amount to 440 billion rubles. This considerable amount, however, will amount to only a tenth of the funding required for the worn-out infrastructure of the housing and communal services to solve all its problems. Now the federal center is fine-tuning renewal plans at the regional level: 16 programs for the modernization of subjects of the Russian Federation have been approved, the rest should be ready by the end of February.
The total amount of budget financing for the modernization of housing and communal services in 2023 will amount to 440 billion rubles, Vladimir Putin said at a meeting with the government on Tuesday. Compared to 2022, the volume of investments in the communal apartment will immediately increase by 2.5 times (from 170 billion rubles). As the head of the Ministry of Construction, Irek Fayzullin, explained, we are talking about financing all activities related to housing and communal services, including within the framework of national projects, support mechanisms (such as infrastructure budget loans) and a comprehensive program for the modernization of the public utilities sector launched this year.
The latest program, designed until 2027, according to Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin, is aimed primarily at reducing the accident rate and deterioration of networks and, accordingly, losses. As a result, this should improve the quality of public services and make it possible not to increase tariffs in the future. Now 40% of utility networks are in need of repair - we are talking about 391 thousand out of 940 thousand km. To solve the problem of network deterioration, the rate of renewal should be increased from the current 2% to 5% per year.
It should be noted that in general, the funding gap in the industry was estimated at 4.6 trillion rubles. until 2030 (see Kommersant of June 26). And the authorities have already "infused" considerable funds into housing and communal services. In particular, 150 billion rubles will be allocated in 2022–2023. from the NWF - in the form of a loan at 3% per annum for projects to modernize communal infrastructure. As Marat Khusnullin reported earlier this week, more than 130 billion rubles. this money has already been put into operation.
It was stated that the new program will become the main source of financing for the modernization of housing and communal services. However, it is too early to talk about this, since the current volumes of its financing are much less than those announced. The president's order stated that the annual funding of the program should be at least 150 billion rubles. in year. But the federal budget for 2023 and 2024 includes 30 billion rubles. and 100 billion rubles. respectively. This money is allocated subject to the co-financing of projects by the regions, and plans were also made to attract a comparable amount of private investment.
In 2023-2024, as part of the program, Irek Faizullin said yesterday, it is planned to replace at least 8,000 km of engineering networks and more than 100 facilities. This should reduce the accident rate in housing and communal services and improve the quality of public services for almost 3 million people. To receive federal funding, the regions of the Russian Federation must approve their own programs for the modernization of the "communal". According to the Ministry of Construction, 16 regional programs have already been approved, within the framework of which it is planned to modernize almost 2.2 thousand km of networks - financing will amount to 28.7 billion rubles, of which 18.7 billion rubles. planned to be allocated from the federal budget. According to Irek Fayzullin, the regions must complete the development of their programs by the end of February.