It seems that they are not the poorest ...


Probably, not everyone knows that shopping and entertainment centers have their own representative body - the Russian Council of Shopping Centers. A month and a half ago, the RSTC turned to the heads of regions with a request for help - revenues are falling ...

Attendance decreased by 20%. And hence sales. Rental income, compared to 2019, decreased by 30-40%. It is clear that now is not the best time for Russians to spend money. In addition, during the covid pandemic, the rapid growth of such services as home delivery of groceries and goods began. And it is expanding, crowding ordinary stores. What to do, competition, capitalism... However, the owners of the shopping center do not want to put up with the objective reality, with a decrease in super profits. After all, trade has been and remains a very profitable business, with a fast turnover of money. In October, the Russian Council of Shopping Centers turned to the heads of Russian regions for support. RSTC asks and offers:

— not to charge or levy taxes on real estate of organizations and land tax until at least September 2024;

— reduce the coefficients used in calculating taxes on real estate and land tax by at least 50%;

— subsidize rental income losses in the form of grants;

- fix or reduce the cost of utilities, ensure subsidizing expenses from the regional budget in the amount of 100% of the increase in cost;

— to compensate for the cost of training replacements for employees temporarily absent from key staff positions in management companies.

Here is such an extensive program of assistance from the state. Although, we repeat, trading is a very profitable business, with a fast turnover of money. That is, our malls are far from the poorest, far from the most needy.

Nevertheless, those in power in the regions immediately responded.

Deputies of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg adopted the law "On Amendments to Certain Laws of St. Petersburg on Taxes and Fees". It provides benefits to various city enterprises, including shopping centers.

The same law was adopted by the deputies of the Sverdlovsk Legislative Assembly. Large shopping centers have their property tax reduced by 50% in 2023 and by 25% in 2024.

“There are so many tax incentives for those who are engaged in business that you can already lose count,” Moscow City Duma deputy Elena Shuvalova commented to the press on these innovations. “They are so numerous and so intricate! They are brought together with some benefits either to the circus or to social facilities. Moreover, this is done on purpose, and it always happens - all in one heap, in order to smuggle benefits to business. Social facilities become “locomotives” in such bills… I am outraged that even in peacetime, even during the NWO, they still care, as a rule, about big business… Oligarchs, in my opinion, always end up in chocolate.”

And she is largely right. I remember that in 2008, when the global financial crisis broke out, we were told that Russia was an island of stability in a raging ocean. Nevertheless, the state allocated 5 trillion rubles to the banks. And then the highest representatives of the authorities were publicly indignant that these banks, instead of helping enterprises, raised the rates on loans to 16-18%, and some did not at all - they simply withdrew the money received abroad.

The same applies to big business in the real sector of the economy. A year earlier, in 2007, State Duma deputy Gennady Zyuganov was indignant:

“The budget receives 34 percent from every ton of oil sold. Meanwhile, Norway takes more than 80 percent, America - almost 60 percent, the United Arab Emirates - almost 90 percent. After that, the authorities of the Emirates pay for education and medical services for everyone. And for some reason, ours take only 34 percent.”

An example from 2007 is given because, as far as I know, it was the first and last, simple and understandable explanation for the population of the financial relations between the state and the oil and gas business. However, it is also included in the general system in the form of state companies and corporations. In the future (and still) it is almost impossible for an ordinary Russian to understand the system of taxation of oil and gas companies-corporations. It comes to the fact that the percentage data for the same, for example, 2018, year differ by almost 2 times. Although, of course, deductions increase one way or another.

On November 21 this year, the Federal Law on the new budget rule came into force, according to which the tax burden on the oil and gas industry will increase in 2023-2025. (https://rg.ru/2022/11/19/dopolnitelnye-dohody-biudzheta-obespechat-neftegazovye-kompanii.html) There are no general percentage deductions, there are absolute figures. Thus, the state budget for the next three years will receive an additional 3.4 trillion rubles.

Sergey BAIMUKHAMETOV

In the photo: Shopping and entertainment center "Khorosho" in the Khoroshevsky district of Moscow.



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