Disabled children are asked to provide rear services - Newspaper Kommersant No. 178 (7379) of 09/27/2022

A draft law has been submitted to the State Duma giving the right to deferment from military service for mobilization to one of the parents, as well as to the adult brother or sister of a disabled child, if they are the only breadwinners in the family. A day earlier, the All-Russian Organization of Parents of Disabled Children (VORDI) asked the head of state about this. At the same time, according to the head of VORDI, Elena Klochko, the bill still does not exempt parents and relatives of disabled children from service. VORDI has already received about 10 thousand complaints from indignant citizens. Among them, for example, the appeal of a father who is a potential liver donor for his daughter. It should be noted that in total in Russia, according to Rosstat for 2021, more than 700 thousand children with disabilities live.

On September 24, a group of State Duma deputies led by Nina Ostanina (KPRF) introduced a bill on measures of state support for Russian citizens called up for military service for mobilization and their families, as well as on amending, among other things, the law on mobilization. It is proposed, in particular, to grant a deferment from conscription to one parent or adult sibling or adult sibling of a disabled child who is the only breadwinner in the family.

The day before, with such a request to the President of the Russian Federation turned WORD representatives.

  • The organization noted that, under current laws, the only guardians of a minor or citizens who are constantly caring for close relatives, if they have a disability of group I or are recognized as needing care, receive a deferment from mobilization.
  • At the same time, in families with a child with a disability or disabled since childhood, social activists indicate that the mother is mainly busy with care, sometimes around the clock, and the father not only works to meet the needs of the child and the family, but also provides physical assistance in care, with which the woman herself does not copes.
  • Another common situation is the presence of one of the parents (more often a mother) together with a disabled child during his long-term hospitalization in a medical organization for treatment, while the other (more often a father) is busy raising and supporting other children.

According to Elena Klochko, chairman of the VORDI council, the organization has already received about 10,000 applications from those families where they fear the possible mobilization of men, or those where the fathers have already received summons. It should be noted that according to Rosstat, in 2021, 704 thousand children with disabilities lived in Russia. Ms. Klochko gives examples of letters in WORD. “When we were told the diagnosis of our child, our world collapsed. But we found the strength to live on, to put our only child on its feet. If my husband leaves now, I will have neither the strength nor the finances to complete what we did together. Our son may forever remain disabled and will grow up without a father,” the woman writes. “I beg you, please don’t take my husband.” Another appeal is from the father of three children, the youngest of whom has a disability. The man points out that during regular hospitalizations of a sick child at the Shumakov Transplant Center, he is left alone with children of five and seven years old. In addition, he is a potential liver donor for his daughter. “In connection with the announced partial mobilization, there are fears that they may be drafted into the army. Then the health and life of the daughter will be in jeopardy. I ask, on behalf of the organization, to apply to the President of the Russian Federation with a request to grant exemptions from mobilization for the parents of disabled children,” he writes.

Elena Klochko emphasizes that in every case when the father or brother of a disabled child has received a summons, the regional branch of VORDI deals with either the military commissariats or the regional government. However, now, while the bill is under consideration, these issues are "hung".

In addition, Ms. Klochko notes, the bill does not designate another category of citizens in need of assistance. On September 26, VORDI once again appealed to the State Duma and the Federation Council with a request to include family members of people with disabilities since childhood.

“Nothing changes in a family when a child with a disability turns 18. He also needs the help and care of his parents. Only the allowance and the number of benefits are decreasing,” says Ms. Klochko.

She cites the story of a family in which a 70-year-old mother is the sole guardian of an adult mentally disabled person. Due to her age, it is difficult for her to take care of her son, and in fact this is done by her eldest 36-year-old son. At the same time, legally, he is “no one” to his brother and falls under mobilization. VORDI hopes that legislators will take into account the interests of people with disabilities over 18 years of age, and the heads of constituent entities of the Russian Federation and military commissariats will not allow "incorrect cases of mobilization of citizens, taking into account the expected changes specified in the bill."

Lawyer, chairman of the board of the ANO Center for Conflict Resolution in Medicine, Irina Gritsenko, notes that, according to paragraph 4 of the law on mobilization, the head of state has the authority to grant the right to deferment to certain categories of citizens. “Without a presidential decree, the fathers of a disabled child have no right to deferment if there is a mother caring for him,” says Ms. Gritsenko. The head of the AVIM legal agency, Ivan Ivanov, adds that “now there is a huge scope for conscription by presidential decree”: “And the priority - according to the criteria of age, military specialties, etc. - will apparently be determined by the Ministry of Defense and the governors, based on the quantitative distribution by regions. In our region (Volgograd region.— "b") subpoenas are distributed, it seems, to everyone. Lots of scandals and appeals from citizens. Even those who did not serve and with restrictions on service get in.

The Ministry of Defense "Kommersant" could not comment on the appeal of VORDI, since, according to a representative of the press service, the government is involved in the formation of lists of citizens who are not subject to mobilization. The Ministry of Labor also did not officially comment on Kommersant's request. A source in the department told Kommersant that the issue of mobilizing citizens who provide permanent care for children with disabilities is already "in interdepartmental study."

Students of private universities are asked not to call

On September 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree deferring mobilization of full-time and part-time students from mobilization. The document does not cover all categories of students. In particular, it does not mention graduate students and students of private universities. The Ministry of Education and Science told Kommersant on Sunday that the delay also applies to graduate students. However, no official instructions have yet been issued in this regard. According to Kommersant, the decision can be made within two days.

In the meantime, several deputies and rectors made a request to extend the deferment. In particular, the rector of the private university "Synergy" Artem Vasiliev called for a deferment from mobilization and students of non-state universities, which study more than 150 thousand people. Also, in his opinion, it is important to grant the right to deferment to scientists up to 35 years.

Deputies Yana Lantratova (SR), Ksenia Goryacheva ("New People"), Artem Metelev (ER) addressed the Ministry of Education and Science with similar proposals. According to Mr. Metelev, “graduate students, students of public and private universities and colleges are, in essence, one and the same category of citizens, however, some are not subject to mobilization, while others can be cut off from the educational process and sent to military service.” He believes that such a situation could negatively affect the entire higher education system, "creating risks for the closure of 212 private universities."

Some universities decided to support teachers and students affected by the mobilization. For example, NRNU MEPhI decided to provide free education to paying students whose parents were mobilized within the framework of the SVO. The same decision was made by the rector of the Ogarev Mordovian State University Dmitry Glushko. In addition, he decided to pay 100 thousand rubles each. university staff who were mobilized.

Ivan Tyazhlov

Natalia Kostarnova

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